"" THE ROAD NOT TAKEN: October 2008

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Sunday, 19 October 2008

Kertas Ulangan SPM Jun 2008

Saturday, 18 October 2008

ULANGKAJI Mathematics SPM

Peperiksaan Percubaan SPM Maktab Rendah Sains Mara 2008

Bahasa Melayu

Bahasa Inggeris

Mathematics

Add Maths [skema]

Physics[skema]

Chemistry

Biology

Pendidikan Islam

Sejarah

Thursday, 16 October 2008

SPM Mathematics Tips

Brief Introduction
Mathematics (is also known as Modern Maths) and Additional Mathematics are categorized as thinking subjects which you take your time thinking rather than memorizing facts. The formula will be given at the front page of the examination paper. Additional Maths is notably 4 times harder than Modern Maths. It’s like if students think Maths is shit, then take Add Maths. If you get 90% marks in Maths, you may have potential to get 40% marks in Add Maths. It’s near to impossible for someone who get A1 in Add Maths fail in Math. Well it’s not important. What I’m going to discuss here is Mathematics.

SPM Mathematics
In SPM, Mathematics is considered as compulsory subject. You must pass this subject in order to get the certificates along with Malay language. Malay language test takes a lot of time and your hand hurts like hell after writing so many words. It’s not simple either. However, the percentage of students fail in Mathematics is higher than Malay Language in real SPM, which is ridiculous. It is told that Mathematics is quite ‘difficult’ among Art students in seminar SPM, which I can't believe my eyes either.

In my opinion, Mathematics is the easiest subject in SPM for Science students. I believe PMR students can even do with their PMR standard knowledge because some questions like volume of solid and area and perimeter of a circle being test in SPM. It’s not being taught in SPM therefore you can only depend on your past knowledge in Form 2. Although the questions are a lot easier than Add Maths, There are still some pupils having difficulties in Maths.

I see some students leave the 'haven't done' answers after they get the formulae to be applied in the questions, which they didn’t really answer the questions. Some of them don’t understand the questions’ needs. Therefore, exercises and guidance from teachers are essential for improvement.

SPM Intervention KL 2008The questions are so direct and mostly the answers will less likely to appear in decimal. You need a little bit of logic compare to Add maths. Besides that, even if you do well in monthly test, you might end up tilting head during SPM examination hall. It’s because monthly tests don’t follow the real format of SPM. Like Intervention 1 for KL state this year, there's no chance in hell this question is coming out in real SPM.

Based on SPM Maths, it consists of 2 papers

Paper 1
- 1 ¼ hors
- 40 questions
- 40 marks

Paper 2
- 2 ½ hours
- working steps must be done
- Section A
= 52 marks
= 11 questions
- Section B
= 48 marks
= 5 questions (answer 4 of out 5)

Every chapter will be tested in Paper 1. The questions will be tested from Form 1 until Form 5. Since you have already mastered the some basics in PMR, these shouldn’t be a problem. Do past year objective questions will strengthen your basic.

In paper 2, there are only certain chapters that will be tested in SPM maths. That’s why I will concentrate more on paper 2. The whole paper 2 format based on past year questions in random order with brief tips below

Confirmed to be tested every year
Paper 2 (Section A)
1) Volume of solids (which was taught in form 2)
- most of the formulae given are for this question
- make sure the formulae are used correctly
- combined solid is sum of volume of the solids
- remaining solid is the subtraction of bigger solid and smaller solid

2) Angles of elevation and depression
-using trigonometry rule

3) Mathematical reasoning
- statement ‘and’ and ‘or’
- If p, then q. If q, then p.

4) Simultaneous linear equation
- equalize the same unknown and take out
Example : 4p - 2q = 15
(2p + 4q = 19) x2 (times 2 to make unknown 4p same)
- don’t use Add Math method, answers will be different.

5) The straight line
- y = mx + c
- gradient, gradient….
- What is c? c (y-intercept) is the point where the line touches the y-axis.

6) Quadratic expressions and equations
- ‘solve the equation’ is to find the unknown
- change the equation of the question into this form
- factorise by your own or using calculator
- must state x = ?, x = ?, there will be 2 answers

7) Matrices
- will mostly ask inverse matrix
- if you’re not sure about the answer, check if the whole outcome is identical to the inverse matrix in the question.
- the answer in a) is related to b)

8) Area and perimeter of circles (same as number 1)
- 2πr (perimeter or circumference) and πr2 (area)
- (angle/360 degree) x the formulae above for the area or perimeter of certain part

9) Probability
- is more of (number / total number).
- the formulae given are plain useless
- final answer is never less than 0 or more than 1, 1 > answer > 0

10) Gradient and area under a graph
- based on speed/ time graph
= distance is area of the graph
= rate of change of velocity is gradient of the graph
= speed is based on the graph (seldom being asked)
- beware of total distance and total speed

Can be varied each year
1) Sets (2004 and 2006)
- shading based on the questions (intersection or union)
- beware of the complement such as A’

2) Graph of functions (2005 and 2007)
- the inequalities (upper line is >, lower line is <)
- if slanted line, you can imagine it into horizontal straight line. Same concept as above.

What’s the conclusion? 2008 will be ‘Sets’! Wow, I can predict what will come out in this year’s SPM. :D

Paper 2 (Section B) Answer 4 questions
1) Graph of functions
- Linear functions (less likely to come out as it’s a straight line after plotted)
- Quadratic functions (2004 and 2005)
- Cubic functions (2007)
- Reciprocal functions (2006)
= this question is easy because you can detect the type of graph after you plot it.
= elastic ruler is recommended
= x-axis and y-axis should be stated in the graph

2) Transformation
- Translation
- Reflection
- Rotation
- Enlargement ( careful with the word ‘to’ and ‘from’ because it determines the image would be smaller or bigger)
= combination of transformation like VT
-do T before V. It's some kind of law.

3) Statistic
- Histogram ( 2004 and 2005)
= x-axis the upper boundary with an additional lower boundary at the front of the graph
= y-axis is frequency
- Frequency Polygon (2006)
= x-axis is midpoint
= y-axis is frequency
- Ogive (2007)
= x-axis is upper boundary
= y-axis is cumulative frequency
= additional upper boundary should be added to the table
= x-axis and y-axis should be stated in the graph

4) Plans and elevations
-well I’m not sure but what I can see is you must be able to imagine the solid from every side
-plan is looked from above
-elevation is looked from the side of the solid
-the length and the edge (ABCD) should be stated correctly
-similar to a chapter of the living skills in PMR

5) Earth as a sphere
-no comment because I’m not going to explain something that I’m not sure
-latitude is vertical and longitude is horizontal of the sphere
-nautical mile

If you concentrate on these chapters and do a lot of past year questions, I’m sure getting A1 in Maths is not a matter for you. Choose the 4 questions that you’re confident in section B paper 2. Do all questions if you think you have much time to spend for taking a nap. Why study more if you know what kind of questions will come out?

Additional Tips
1) You know doesn’t mean you can get it correct, try to make less careless mistakes in each paper.
2) See through the questions word by word as there will be some tricky part in the questions, especially ‘to’ and ‘from’ in enlargement.
3) Don’t be sad if you do badly in trial SPM because the odd might come to you in SPM.
4) Be sure to study smart, not study hard. Hope this helps.

Wednesday, 15 October 2008

SPM EST

Follow the tips below to score SPM EST

Paper 1
consists of Information Transfer and Scientific Writing

Information Transfer
1.Read the graphic organizer first before reading the text.
2.Spelling must be correct.
3.Answers must be in correct form: Singular or Plural.
4.When the question asks for example, you must answer not more than one example; when the question asks for examples, you must answer two or more examples.

Scientific Writing
1.Write a report.
2.Make a reasonable choice from the choices given.
3.Elaborate all the content points given, write at least an elaboration for each of the points.
4.Language is accurate, no serious error like subject-verb agreement, spelling error...

Paper 2
consists of 30 objective questions.

Objective Questions
Most of the answers can be found on the text given. So, read carefully before answering the questions.

What is English for Science and Technology (EST)?

Aims
EST aims to;

  • provide learners with the language basis to access and understand materials on science and technology in English.
  • express ideas and concepts in English.
Objectives
The EST curriculum enables learners to;
  • obtain information by reading and understanding different text types in science and technology in English.
  • obtain information by listening to and viewing texts on science and technology in English.
  • access and understand information on the internet and other electronic media.
  • present information science and technology at an appropriate level in written and spoken English.
  • think critically and give points of view on issues pertaining to science and technology.
Introduction
The EST syllabus lays on the foundation in the use of English in the fields of Science and Technology for the present and further studies.
EST does not aim to teach the subject matter of Science but to help learners develop the ability to;
  • grasp basic concepts and ideas in Science.
  • understand methods of Science taught.
EST covers general science, physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, environmental education and various technologies.

Tuesday, 14 October 2008

Borang Tuntutan Perjalanan dan LPM untuk Guru

Di sini saya ingin berkongsi borang tuntutan perjalanan yang dibangunkan khusus kpd warga pendidik (guru2) dan kakitangan sekolah. Amat berguna terutama untuk mereka yang terlibat di dalam pengawasan peperiksaan atau pemeriksaan skrip jawapan di bawah kelolaan Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia.

Maklum balas pengguna amat diperlukan, sila email terus kepada programmer. Semoga ia bermanfaat.


Sunday, 12 October 2008

SPM Literature In English (SPM 2008-2010)

FORMAT PENTAKSIRAN KESUSASTERAAN DALAM BAHASA INGGERIS SPM 2008/2009/2010

KESUSASTERAAN DALAM BAHASA INGGERIS
SENARAI KARYA BAGI PEPERIKSAAN SPM TAHUN 2008, 2009, DAN 2010

Novel
Fahrenheit 45 (Ray Bradbury)
Fasting, Feasting (Anita Desai)
Holes (Louis Sachar)

Drama
Julius Caesar (William Shakespeare)
The Lion and the Jewel (Wole Soyinka)
An Inspector Calls (J.B. Priestly)

Short Story
Naukar (Anya Sitaram)
Cinderella Girl (Vivien Alcoc)
The Landlady (Roald Dahl)
A Common Story (Kassim Ahmad)
Neighbours (Robert Raymer)
Harrison Bergeren (Kurt Vonnegut Jr. )

Poetry
Theme: Conflicts
Tonight I Can Write (Pablo Neruda)
Ways of Love (Chung Yee Chong)
A Prayer for My Daughter (Yeats)
The Way Things Are (Roger McGough)
For My Old Amah (Wong Phui Nam)
How Do I Love Thee? (Elizabeth Barret Browning)

Theme: Perceptions of Self
Birches (Robert Frost)
I Am (John Clare)
This Is A Photograph of Me (Margaret Atwood)
Waiting to Go On (Hugo Williams)
Daring Tears (Craig Romkema)
The Traveller (Muhammad hj Salleh)

Theme: Relationships
Dulce et Decorum Est (Wilfred Owe)
The Man He Killed (Thomas Hardy)
Death of A Rainforest (Cecil Rajendra)
The War Against Trees (Stanley Kunitz)
A Quarrel Between Day and Night (Omar Mohd Noor)
"Crabbed age and youth cannot live together "(Shakespeare)


Examination Format
The candidate is asked to choose one question from each component.

Section A:
There are 6 texts to be studied. Only 4 short stories will be selected for testing each year. Each short story will be tested individually. The candidate is required to answer ONE out of the four questions.

Section B:
There are 3 texts to be studied. All 3 novels will be selected for testing each year. Each novel will be tested individually. The candidate is required to answer ONE out of the three questions.

Section C:
There are 3 texts to be studied. All 3 plays will be selected for testing each year. Each play will be tested individually. The candidate is required to answer ONE out of the three questions.

Section D:
There are 3 themes to be studied. All 3 themes will be selected for testing each year. Each theme will be tested individually. The candidate is required to answer ONE out of the three questions.

Extra Answers

Candidates are allowed to answer two or more questions from each component.
The examiner will chose the highest marks that the candidate has attained for ONE question.
A single question comprises of three sub-questions. They are to be considered as a whole and not to be counted as separated questions.
No extra marks will be given for any additional answers.
No extra marks will be awarded beyond the maximum marks cited.Illogical/irrelevant information may be ignored by the examiner.


Section A: Short Stories [25 marks]

I. Text Comprehension. (Maximum of 5 marks)

First point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Second point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Third point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Overall understanding.
Language. (None of the common mistakes as stated.)


II. Plot Expansion. (Maximum of 8 marks)

Basic description correctly given based on the short story.
First point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Second point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Third point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Fourth point given.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Overall contribution of stated event/incident/occurrence/etc to the plot.
Writing techniques used by author given.
Language. (None of the common mistakes as stated.)


III. Evaluation and Understanding with Reference to the Text. (Maximum of 12 marks)

First point given based on story.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Second point given based on story.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Third point given based on story.
Appropriate supporting information given.
Fourth point given based on personal ideas.
Appropriate supporting information with reference to the text.
Fifth point given based on personal ideas.
Appropriate supporting information with reference to the text.
Sixth point given based on personal ideas.
Appropriate supporting information with reference to the text.
Overall understanding.
Language. (None of the common mistakes as stated.)


Section B: Novel, Section C: Drama, and Section D: Poetry are all worth 25 marks each. The guidelines for answering is the more or less the same as Section A.

All the best.

P/S: Literature in English actually has quite easy texts, contrary to popular belief. It's easier and more interesting than that dry novel some of you have to do for normal English, The Return. Give it a try. = )

Friday, 3 October 2008

Wednesday, 1 October 2008

SELAMAT HARI RAYA




Sempena hari baik dan bulan baik ini saya memohon izin berehat sebentar untuk bersama keluarga, sanak saudara, sahabat handai dan rakan taulan untuk bermaaf-mafan sambil bertukar-tukar kenangan - suka dan duka, baru dan lama, di zaman kanak-kanak dan sewaktu diri sedang diburu usia.

Saya amat terhutang budi kepada seluruh surfers dan juga sahabat budiman. Tanpa anda, 'the road not taken.blogspot' pastinya akan terus terkial-kial mencari ruang dan wibawa di alam siber. Jutaan terima kasih, penghargaan dan sanjungan daripada saya untuk anda sekalian.

Dan, sempena Hari Raya Aidilfitri tahun ini, saya serta keluarga memohon jutaan maaf dan ampun kepada surfers budiman, handai-taulan, sanak-saudara dan kaum-keluarga seluruhnya.

Selamat Hari Raya Mak, Mak Ni, Pakcik Mi, WZ, Ijat, Che Bad, Che Yah, Che Zu, Lina, Ayu, Mardhiah, Timmy, Maryam, Mat, Lid, Lah, Abbas & Farah. Maaf Zahir dan Batin.

::Kad Ucapan Raya Percuma