"" THE ROAD NOT TAKEN: SULTAN WHO?

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Sunday, 13 July 2008

SULTAN WHO?

HRH DATU MOHD. FUAD ABDULLAH KIRAM IBNI SULTAN ESMAIL-I
Sulu Sultanate
The Sultanate of Sulu was a Muslim state that ruled over many of the islands of the Sulu Sea, in the southern Philippines. The sultanate was founded in 1450, but other sources place the date earlier. Muslim historians believe that it had existed centuries earlier in the time of Raja Baguinda Ali.

Currently the issue of who would be the legitimate Sultan of Sulu is disputed by several branches of the Royal Family, although the line of succession fell on the Kiram branch of the royal family from 1823 up to the death of the last sovereign sultan in 1936.At its peak, it stretched over the islands that bordered the western peninsula of Mindanao in the east, to the modern Malaysian state of Sabah (formerly North Borneo) in the west and south, and to Palawan in the north.

Currently the issue of who would be the legitimate Sultan of Sulu is disputed by several branches of the Royal Family, although the line of succession fell on the Kiram branch of the royal family from 1823 up to the death of the last sovereign sultan in 1936. Currently the issue of who would be the legitimate Sultan of Sulu is disputed by several branches of the Royal Family, although the line of succession fell on the Kiram branch of the royal family from 1823 up to the death of the last sovereign sultan in 1936
Who's the real Sultan of Sulu?
There are around a few dozen pretenders to the dignity of a Sultan, coming from all parts the Sulu archipelago, Metro Manila, Kuala Lumpur, Sabah and even from the Netherlands. Each has his own fairy tale to tell to support his claim.

In 1939 it was decided by the Session Court of North-Borneo, presided by Chief Justice Macasckie that North Borneo is the property of the nine heirs of Sulu. These were the descendants of Sultan Jamalul A'lam (signatory to the Deed of 1879 leasing North Borneo) from his three wives.

This decision is the basis of what ( POSTSCRIPT, 15Mar05) call the yearly rent or “Cession Money” being paid by the Malaysian government to the descendant of the heirs until this very day. (All the nine heirs now are dead.)

A year after the Philippines gained its independence, the eldest son of Rajamuda Mawalil Wasit, Datu Mohammad Esmail Kiram I who is by the law of primogeniture the rightful heir to the throne was proclaimed a Sultan. In 1958, he and his half brother Datu Punjungan on board a Philippine navy ship went to the former Jesselton (now Kota Kinabalu) to settle the North-Borneo issue. They returned only having Taganak Islands (Turtle Islands), with the issue of sovereignty over North Borneo till hanging.

It is also Sultan Mohammad Esmail Kiram I, with the help of Philippine government who initiated the 1962 Philippine Sabah claim. The newly independent Malaysia never accepted the terms of the claim since the Sultan and the Philippine government are up for sovereignty over Sabah.
In 1915 the Sultan was forced to sign the Carpenter's agreement with the United States, leaving him no sovereign power but was merely reduced to a symbolic leader of the people and their faith.
List of Sultans of Sulu
The Sultan of Sulu was an office recognized by the government in Manila until 1936. Sulu is currently a province of the Philippines, although at one time it was an independent sultanate. The centre of government of the Sulu Sultanate kingdom was in Jolo. Jolo not only became the centre of the Sulu Sultanate government, but also became the centre of port trading. And while Manila was just a small settlement, Jolo had already became a city. The following list details the holders of the office between 1450 and 1936.
Most of the names listed below, was referred from the book's of; MUSLIMS IN THE PHILIPPINES, by CESAR ADIB MAJUL.

1. SULTAN SHARIFUL-HASHIM
The first Sultan of Sulu; he founded the sultanate in 1450 and held it until 1480.

2. SULTAN KAMALUDDIN',
Son of Sultan Shariful-Hashim. 1480-1519.

3. DATU ALAWADDIN
also one of Sultan Shariful-Hashim son. But believed he was not proclaim to be the "Sultan of Sulu".

4. SULTAN AMIRUL-UMARA
Believed he was Sultan Bolkiah

5. SULTAN MUIZZUDDIN MUTAWADDIN MAHARAJAH UPO,
Son of Sultan Kamaluddin and grandchild (Upo or Apo) of Sultan Shariful-Hashim.

6. SULTAN NASARUDDIN AL-AWAL DIGUNUNG ULA,
Son of Sultan Muizzuddin Mutawaddin.

7. SULTAN MUHAMMAD UL-HALIM PANGIRAN BUDDIMAN UL-HALIM,
Son of Sultan Nasaruddin Awal. He alleged had a few "Palace" in Brunei.
The Spaniard called him as Sultan Xolo or Raja Ilo or Iro.
8. SULTAN BETARASHAH TENGAH PENGUILAN TINDIG
Son of Sultan Muhammad Buddiman Ul-Halim.
Died without heir.
The throne given to his Nephew, RAJA BONGSU-I. (The son's of her sister who married Sultan Hassan of Brunei).
9. SULTAN MAWALIL-WASIT RAJA BONGSU-I PANGIRAN SHAHBANDAR MAHARAJALELA IBNI SULTAN MUHAMMAD HASSAN of BRUNEI (Refer to; Raja Bongsu of Sulu -Robert Nicholl & Tarsilah Brunei -Pehin Dato' Dr. Mohd Jamil Al-Sufri).
Began from this Sultan Mawalil-Wasit Raja Bongsu-I, the Sulu Sultanate royal families (Royal Blood-Male side) were connected to Brunei Royal families blood.
So, any statement of the Sulu heirs mentioned that their blood were the "DIRECT-DESCENDENT & UNBROKEN-LINE" to Sultan Shariful Hashim (the first Sultan of Sulu) were NOT SO CORRECT. They should UNDERSTAND first the meaning of "UNBROKEN-LINE" and the meaning of "DIRECT-DESCENDENT". "DIRECT-DESCENDENT & UNBROKEN-LINE" mean must came from "MALE SIDE" (Heirs). Sultan Shariful-Hashim heirs was till Sultan Betara shah Tengah @ Panguilan Tinding ibni Sultan Pangiran Buddiman Ul-Halim only.
10. SULTAN NASIRUDDIN-II
Maybe he is Sultan Qudarat of Maguindanao.
Married to one of Sultan Mawalil-Wasit @ Raja Bongsu-I daughter, bore SITI KABIRA @ SULTANA NURUL A'LAM (One of the temporary Sultan of Sulu in 1680-1685).
11. SULTAN SALAHUDDIN-KARAMAT PANGIRAN BAKHTIAR
The third son's of Sultan Mawalil-Wasit @ Raja Bongsu-I, after Datu Katchil & Datu Salikala.
Alleged in his time the Sultan of Brunei asked for help to settle-down their 10 years sivil war in Brunei. Then Sultan Brunei gave North-Borneo to Sultan of Sulu as a reward.
The Sulu worriors & panglimas were foughts for rewarded North-Borneo territory.
While waiting for Datu Sahabuddin ibni Sultan Salahuddin-Karamat to be entitle installed as Sultan (*Followed the Sulu Protocol), there was installed the "3 Temporary Sultans of Sulu" to sat on the Sulu throne since 1680-1685, such as,
(TEMPORARY SULTAN OF SULU)
12. SULTAN ALI SHAH,
13. SULTAN NURUL A'LAM SITI KABIRA IBNI SULTAN MAWALIL-WASIT RAJA BONGSU-I, and
14. SULTAN AL-HAQUNU IBN WALI UL AHAD.
15. SULTAN SAHABUDDIN
First son of Sultan Salahuddin-Karamat.
Began received the tax payment from North-Borneo
16. SULTAN MUSTAFA SHAFIUDDIN,
Second son of Sultan Salahuddin-Karamat.
17. SULTAN BADARUDDIN-I
The third son of Sultan Salahuddin-Karamat.
His mother's was a Tirun lady. And also married a Tirun Princess, the daughter of Tirun ruler as his second-wife. His first wife was from Soopeng, Sulawesi.
In this time, due he was born Datu Lagasan (Sultan Azimuddin/Alimuddin-I) from his first wife (from Soopeng, Sulawesi) & Raja Muda Datu Bantilan (Sultan Bantilan Muizzuddin) from his second wife (the Tirun Ruler Princess), then the Sulu Sultanate kingdom had 2 heirs. Its a "First & the Second heir apparents". Nowadays, the first heir-apparents known as Kiram & Shakiraullah families. And the second heir apparent known as the Maharajah Adinda families.
SULTAN BADARUDDIN-I married to the Tirun princess for the purposed want to void the Tirun peoples from against the Sulu Sultanate "Power" in North-Borneo territory. He is the one who's put many "Panglimas" in every corners of the North-Borneo for maintain his power on the territory. The Panglimas of the Sultan of Sulu came from many tribes. Some from Sulu, Iranun, Badjau, Kadazan & other tribes.
The Panglimas duties were collecting the "Tax" from the inhabitants of the North-Borneo territory (*as representatives of the Sultan of Sulu. Collecting "Tax" from the inhabitants of the North-Borneo, made the inhabitants HATED the Sulu Sultanate & the Sultans of Sulu), collecting any material which its could became the "Incomes" of the Sulu Sultanate such as; Bird's Nest, Turtles shell, Pearls & etc.
For example, the "Bird's Nest" in Maddai Caves, Kunak, Sabah was mandated to collected by the Iranun Panglima's . Since then the Iranun peoples generations in the area till present day still continuing collecting the "Bird's Nest" from the Maddai Caves. Anyway, by the "LOST" of the "SULTAN OF SULU", the Iranun peoples in the area just collecting the Bird's Nest for their benefits only. (*Anyway, there was the "Appointed-Letter" was given to the Irunan Panglima's from the Sultan of Sulu, as installation of him as panglima & his duties in North-Borneo. This "Letter's" must be still kept by the present Iranun Panglima's generations).
The Sulu Sultanate Protocol System (The Tartib) then need to ROTATES the Sulu throne among the first & the second heir apparents. "The Succession", please refer to; Muslims in the Philippines (Sulu Political Institution) by Cesar Abib Majul -Page 398-399). And the Sulu throne should not be MONOPOLIED or OCCUPIED by ONE side heirs only
18. SULTAN AZIMUDDIN @ ALIMUDDIN-II FERNANDO DE ALIMUDDIN.
Son's of Sultan Badaruddin-I, & the older brother of Sultan Bantilan Muizzuddin.
He was "Baptised" by Spaniard at Manila in 1750.
19. SULTAN BANTILAN MUIZZUDDIN IBNI SULTAN BADARUDDIN-I.
The ancestor's of THE MAHARAJAH ADINDA FAMILIES.
20. SULTAN AZIMUDDIN ALIMUDDIN-II IBNI SULTAN BANTILAN MUIZZUDDIN.
Then he born RAJA MUDA DATU BANTILAN. Raja Muda Datu Bantilan born MAHARAJAH ADINDA SULTAN MOHAMMAD ARANAN/ADANAN PUYO. Aranan/Adanan Puyo born DATU MOHAMMAD SHIEIK/SIE/SEH/SY. Datu Mohammad Sheikh/Sie/Seh/Sy born Late HH. DATU ALIUDDIN HADDIS PABILA (December 17, 2004 - June 30, 2007). Then Datu Aliuddin Haddis Pabila born "RAJA BONGSU-II" (The entitle & the right heir should sit on the Sulu throne nowadays).
21. SULTAN MUHAMMAD ISRAIL,
Son of Sultan Azimuddin Alimuddin-I.
22. SULTAN SHAFIUDDIN,
Also son of Sultan Azimuddin @ Alimuddin-I.
23. SULTAN ALIMUDDIN AZIMUDDIN-III
Son's of Sultan Sharafuddin.
The 40 days reigned Sultan in 1808. His Raja Muda is Raja Muda Datu Bantilan @ Raja Muda Badaruddin ibni Sultan Alimuddin @ Azimuddin-II.
24. SULTAN ALIUDDIN
The brother's of Sultan Alimuddin Azimuddin-III
The Sultan who's taken the Sulu throne from the Raja Muda Datu Bantilan ibni Sultan Alimuddin @ Azimuddin-II in 1808, while the Raja Muda Datu Bantilan was not in Jolo, Sulu (*because of chicken-pox outbreak) in 1808, after the death of Sultan Alimuddin @ Azimudin-III - (Muslims in the Philippines, Cesar Adib Majul -Page 316-317).
(*The action of this Sultan Aliuddin was AGAINST the Sulu Sultanate Protocol System/ The Tartib).
25. SULTAN SHAKIRAULLAH,
The brother of Sultan Aliuddin & Sultan Azimuddin @ Alimuddin-III.
The SHAKIRAULLAH families began.
26. SULTAN JAMALUL-KIRAM-I,
Son's of Sultan Alimuddin Azimuddin-III.
The KIRAM families began.
27. SULTAN MUHAMMAD FADL SULTAN PULALUN,
Kiram Families.
Son's of Sultan Jamalul-Kiram-I.
In September 1862, Sultan Pulalun died. The throne was offered to his uncle DATU ARANAN, who at a young age once aspired to the throne. However, he declined the sultanate on the grounds that he was too old and lacked of wealth.
(*Anyway, from the Maharajah Adinda families record, Datu Aranan/Adanan was ever sat on the Sulu throne for a week only & using the title name as "Maharajah Adinda Sultan Mohammad Aranan/Adanan Puyo" . That's why in Sulu he was known as "Sultan Daih-daih". Mean, the shortest reigned Sultan of Sulu. And due to that, his name was not listed on the Sulu Sultanate genealogy, due to not enough 40 day of reigned, as the protocol needed).
Thus was the sultanate offered to Jamalul-Azam, a son of Pulalun. Datu Daniel, the Amir Bahar, and whose cotta in Jolo once gave the Spaniard a great deal of trouble in Jolo Campaign in 1851, contested the succession. The datu desired to have his son-in-law, Datu Jamalul-Kiram, a grandson of Sultan Shakiraullah to become a sultan. But Datu Aranan INTERVENTION in the matter as well as Spaniard refusal to show any sympathy for Datu Daniel's cause, led the majority of the datus to proclaim Jamalul-Azam as Sultan, (Refer to; Muslims in the Philippines -Page 343-344).
Do anybody AWARE, that because of Datu Aranan intervention, Datu Jamalu-Azam succeeded to proclaimed as Sultan of Sulu in 1862. And from that matter, when he signing the 1878 North-Borneo "Padjak=Leasing" Agreement, he was using the words term "The heirs AND successors" 4 times in the agreement, NOT the words term as "The heirs OR successors", (Refer to: Nicholas Tarling, Sulu And Sabah -Page 329). The words term was for LIMITED the claimants over the North-Borneo territory in future. And the right claimant's should be truly came from the Sulu Sultanate royal families as "The heirs" & in the same time can be "The successors" to the Sulu sultanate throne, by following the Sulu Sultanate Protocol System (The Tartib). By the using the words term "The heirs AND successors" in the 1878 North Borneo Leasing/Padjak Agreement, showed that Sultan Jamalul-Azam want the Maharajah Adinda families to inherits the rights over the North Borneo territory in future. That's also showed his compensation to his relative grandfather's (Datu Aranan) for his kindness till Datu Jamalul-Azam succeeded to be the Sultan of Sulu in 1862.
So, by the death of Sultan Badaruddin-II in 1884, or by the death of Sultan Jamalu-Kiram-II in 1936, which both of the Sultan had "No male heir" (Refer; Nicholas Tarling, Sulu And Sabah -Page 327 & from the PAWCI Record's), then supposedly on that times, the Sulu throne should be given back to the Maharajah Adinda families. Unfortunately, till present the first heir-apparents (Kiram & Shakiraullah families) still want to "Monopolied & Occupied" the Sulu throne. (Their action were totally against the Sulu Protocol System=The Tartib of Sulu. Due to misunderstood of the Sulu protocol system, then there were emerged so many proclaimed "Sultans" in Sulu till present day).
29. SULTAN JAMALUL AZAM A'LAM,
Kiram Families.
Son of Sultan Pulalun.
Succeeded to be proclaimed as "Sultan of Sulu" by the helps & strong supports of his relative grandfather's Maharajah Adinda Sultan Mohammad Aranan/Adanan Puyo in 1862.
The person who "Padjak=Leased" the North Borneo territory to Mr. Barron de Overback & Alfred Dent in 1878. Mr Barron & Alfred Dent "Leased=Padjak" the North Borneo territory was for "Trading" purposed only.
30 SULTAN BADARUDDIN-II
Kiram Families.
Son's of Sultan Jamalul-Azam.
No "Male heirs", only got a daughter name Dayang-dayang Hjh Piandao.
31. SULTAN JAMALUL-KIRAM-II.
Kiram Families.
Son's of Sultan Jamalul Azam @ A'lam.
No issued any "Male heir" till his death in 1936.
32. SULTAN ESMAIL KIRAM I (1947-1973)
Kiram Families
Born: February 1907
Died: 1973
Teacher & School Principal
World War II soldier with the rank of Captain, served under United States Armed Forces in the Far East
The eldest son of Raja Muda Mawallil-Wasit through first wife Enang
One of the 9 heirs of North Borneo through the 1939 Chief Justice Macasckie decision in Sandakan, Sabah
Eligible as the Sultan of Sulu
DATU ATIK IBNI SULTAN JAMALUL AZAM @ A'LAM
Kiram Families.
Not become a Sultan.
His daughters, Dayang-Dayang Princess Tarhatta-Kiram & Dayang-Dayang Princess Shakinur-in.
33. SULTAN MAHAKUTTA A.KIRAM (1974-1986)
Kiram Families
Born:1 August 1941
Died: February 16, 1986
Became the youngest vice Mayor and eventually the Mayor of Maimbung
Former Deputy Governor of Sulu
The eldest son of Sultan Esmail Kiram I
Married to his first wife, prncess Farida Kiram gave birth 2 daughters:Dayang Zuharra, Dyg Dinwansa, and 2 sons HRH Rajamuda Datu Muedzulail-Kiram (Crown Prince since 1974) , HRH Datu Yldon Kiram
Second Wife Princess Merriam T.Kiram gave 3 Daughters, Dayang-Dayang Nur Mahal, dayang-Dayang Ayessha and Dayang-Dayang Tanya Rowena.
SULTAN JAMALUL-ABIDIN IBNI SULTAN ZAINAL-ABIDIN @ DATU TAMBUYONG BIN DATU UYUNG BIN DATU JAMALUL-KIRAM/KARIM BIN DATU BUYUK IBNI SULTAN SHAKIRAULLAH.
Shakiraullah families.
SULTAN AZIMUDDIN/AQUIMUDDIN-ABIDIN @ SULTAN PITICO IBNI SULTAN JAMALUL-ABIDIN
Shakiuraullah families.
Died in 2006?!
Their dynasty continue by proclaimed "Paramount Sultan Dr. Ibrahim Bahjin @ Sultan Shakiraullah-II" in 2006?!
HRH DATU MOHD. FUAD ABDULLAH KIRAM IBNI SULTAN ESMAIL-I.
But the International Commission of Nobility and Royalty does not support his claims to sovereignty and his Orders of Chivalry are Unsubstantiated.

1 comment:

BISHAMON said...

Do you know that Sultan Bolkeiah/Amir-ul-Umara/Nakoda Ragam is one and the same with Rajah Humabon (correctly read as Umabong an imperial title with the same meaning with Habagat, a southwesterly monsoon)/Raia Hamabar/ Umara/Amara/ Seri Pada of Cebu, Philippines? And Lela Manchanai/ Layla Manjanay/ Leila Mencheinei of Sulu is one and the same with Hara Amihan/Mingming (an imperial title which means northeasterly monsoon)of Cebu, Philippines, the returning Southeast Asian Empress from Hangchou (or Hang-cheu-fu/ Hang-li-po), the capital city of Manji (Southern China)? She is the elder sister of Kali Pula (betterly known as Lapu-lapu) the crowned prince of Sulu, the son of Sultan Adil (Afdil or Sulayman/Makatunaw/Mangkaw) whose seat of power is seated either Sulu or Brunei? And do you know that Kali Pula is the rival of Bolkeiah over the imperial throne and they are quarrelling over the possession of the two "pearls of monsoons" the symbols of imperial powers over Southern China and Southeast Asia at that time? And do you know that Bolkeiah and Layla Manjinay are brother and sister respectively who were separated during childhood?